Getting to the bottom of Congo’s war

Other | Monday 10th October 2016 | Cristina

It’s widely known that the continent of Africa, a place conflated in the public consciousness into one big, undeveloped realm of danger, is fraught with crime, war and disease. The details of these social problems are not widely known. We, in the western world, are only just starting to awaken to the reality of war in the middle east and the suffering of Syria due to the USA’s loud, publicised involvement, but the human rights violations going on throughout Congo remain vastly unilluminated, keeping the conflict many steps behind resolution. It’s been revealed that when the world sees the true and detailed horrors of war, it’s often galvanised into action, which leads to progress, however slow its pace.

When William Hague and Angelina Jolie flew to Congo in 2013 to speak against rape as a war crime, the eyes of people everywhere fell on Congo and its rape problem, and unable to ignore the attention, the government launched an extensive rape tribunal.

Let’s lead by Jolie’s example and shout about the humiliation of women in Congo, and of every person living without safety and health in Congo. Hague and Jolie’s campaign had a very limited effect on the continued sexual violence in Congo but the clarity and global awareness it created was a good first step.

Clarity and global awareness is exactly what is lacking in the path to Congolese peace. The war in Congo officially ended in 2003 but the fighting persists, mainly in the east. Tied up in corruption and lies, a large part of why Congo is unable to move on from its war is the obscurity which blankets the true causes of the conflict. Of course I’m talking about the media. All the mainstream western media outlets, including the Washington Post and the BBC, are guilty of tunnel vision when it comes to Congo. Focused on civil conflict between the government and rebels, or on conflict between Congo and its neighbours Rwanda and Uganda, they rarely highlight the involvement of foreign governments in Congo’s war.

It’s easy to criticise developing nations and their corrupt leaders. More difficult is to unearth the extent of the network of those controlling the conflict, and unmask the puppet masters with the resources to cover their tracks – the USA, Britain, France and Germany. Since independence, Congo was left a clear target for looting, being one of the world’s greatest resources of precious minerals, many essential to technology. Its neighbours, Rwanda and Uganda, loot it for all it’s worth. And who gets the minerals? We do - the USA and Europe. Warlords control the mines and their resources. Behind the warlords are the international investors which trade with them, getting coltan from Congolese mines into your iPad. Whilst in many countries, it is completely legal to purchase conflict minerals, many minerals get to us via anonymous companies who operate in anonymous offshore tax havens. As usual, big business is behind millions of deaths.

The diagram above shows Congo's mineral wealth

How the UN can send peacekeeping missions into Congo whilst the USA buys resources stolen from Congo by Rwanda under clear violations of the constitution and human rights is an insult. Similarly, how can the BBC investigate civil battles in Congo and fail to investigate the journey of minerals from Congo to the Apple store? Humanitarian failures all round. Often legal, this abusive relationship between western countries and Congo is a diluted slave trade. Leaders of western countries should legislate for complete transparency in trade with Africa. If the BBC, CNN, Fox News, CBS and any other media group really care about the plight of the Congolese, they should investigate the global supply of gold, diamonds, cobalt, coltan and every other conflict mineral.