Largest City in the Ancient & Medieval World: Eredo, Nigeria
Monday 4th February 2019 | JahMike
The city or Kingdom of Eredo, located in South-West Nigeria, dates back over 1000 years, built in around 800AD and known as the largest city ever constructed in the ancient/medieval world. My question is... why are we not taught about Eredo in school?
"During the middle ages, Africans built by far the largest city the world had ever seen. In size, it dwarfed Baghdad, Cairo & Rome. The achievement was on a scale even bigger than that of the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, Africa's most celebrated monument. Concealed in the rainforest by centuries of forest overgrowth and comparable in size to modern London, it was the largest city built in the ancient and medieval world..."
"At one time, scholars used to speak of the Nok culture, the Igbo-Ukwu culture, the Yoruba Kingdoms & the Benin Empire as the four great cultural periods making up the three-thousand year old history of Nigeria. Since 1994, teams have discovered and mapped the remains of yet another Nigerian kingdom which may or may not have belonged to the Yorubas."
Eredo was surrounded by "a huge Earthern wall with moated sections, encircling an ancient kingdom or city. From the base of the ditch to summit of the rampart (defensive wall) measured a towering 70 feet. The rampart was 100 miles long and formed a rough circle, enclosing more than 400 square miles. The builders shifted 3.5 million cubic metres of earth to build just the rampart alone. This is, incidentally, 1 million cubic metres more than the amount of rock and earth used in the Great Pyramid of Giza and therefore, Eredo's construction is estimated to have involved about 1 million more man hours than were necessary to build the Great Pyramid."
"The ramparts may indicate the boundary of the original Ijebu Kingdom that was ruled by a spiritual leader called the Awujale. Among the discoveries, a three-storey ruin has been identified tentatively as the royal palace. It had living quarters, shrines and courtyards."
"It is possible that thousands of smaller buildings are still concealed by the forests and will be mapped in time. Radio-carbon dating has so far established that the buildings and walls were more than 1000 years old. Dates such as 800AD have been suggested."
"People who live near the ruined kingdom or city today have traditions that a wealthy and childless Queen, Bilikisu Sungbo, built the city. Some say that she built the city as a religious offering."
"It is also claimed that Sungbo's territory had a gold and ivory trade."
"Portugese documents dating back 500 years allude to the power of an Ijebu Kingdom that some scholars think is possibly this very one."
All quotes taken from the book When We Ruled by Robin Walker, an excellent study material for those interested in the History of Africa.
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